Mitterrand, François

(1916-1996)
   statesman
   Born in Jarnac, François Mitterrand, after studying law, literature, and political science in Paris, served in the army in World War II. He was captured but escaped and, for a time, joined the vichy government (June 1942-January 1943), before becoming involved in the resistance (and founding the National union of Prisoners of War). He served in the postwar government as a socialist deputy for Niève (1946-58; 1962), as a senator (1959-62), and also was successively minister for war veterans (1947-48), secretary of state to the president of the Council (1948-49; 1953), and minister of overseas territories (1950-51). He left the government for a period, however, because of his disagreement over colonial policy, for which he held a more liberal view. Mitterrand then served as minister of the interior (cabinet of pierre mendès-france, 1954-55), then as minister of justice (cabinet of guy mollet, 1956-57) and, in June 1958, voted against the installation of General charles de gaulle and joined the opposition. Mitterrand then became one of the principal leaders of the socialist Left. in 1965, he ran unsuccessfully for the presidency of the republic against de Gaulle, meanwhile participating actively in the creation of the democratic and Socialist leftist coalition (FGDS, 1966). As secretary of the socialist party (1971), he supported a common program with the Communists and the radical Left, with the 1973 legislative election in mind. As a candidate again for the presidency in May 1974, Mitterrand obtained 49.19 percent of the vote, as opposed to 50.81 percent for valéry Giscard d'es-taing, but was elected May 10, 1988, with 54.01 percent. Mitterrand's two successive presidencies were notable in foreign policy for an increase in the goal toward European unity (European Act, 1986; Treaty of Maastricht, 1991), French participation in the Gulf War (1991), and, in domestic affairs, by the achievement of important reforms (abolition of the death penalty, decentralization of the administration, twice a cohabitation policy with the right, 1986-88; 1993-95, and a response to the acute economic crisis that produced rising unemployment). In May 1991, he appointed édith cresson, the first woman prime minister. At the end of his second term, Mitterrand retired from political life. His writing include Politique I (1977), Ici et Maintenant (1980), and Politique II (1982), among other works.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mitterrand, François — ▪ president of France in full  François maurice marie Mitterrand   born Oct. 26, 1916, Jarnac, France died Jan. 8, 1996, Paris  politician who served two terms (1981–95) as president of France, leading his country to closer political and economic …   Universalium

  • Mitterrand, François — ► (1916 96) Político francés. Ministro de Ultramar (1950 51), de Estado (1952 53), de Interior (1954 55) y de Justicia (1956 57), fue el principal líder antigaullista de la V República. En 1965 fundó la Federación de Izquierda Democrática y… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Mitterrand, Francois-Maurice-Marie — ▪ 1997       French statesman (b. Oct. 26, 1916, Jarnac, Fr. d. Jan. 8, 1996, Paris, Fr.), served two terms (1982 95) as president of France, during which his top priority became the promotion of a united Europe, with close French and German… …   Universalium

  • Mitterrand, François (-Maurice-Marie) — born Oct. 26, 1916, Jarnac, France died Jan. 8, 1996, Paris President of France (1981–95). After serving in World War II, he was elected to the National Assembly (1946) and held cabinet posts in 11 Fourth Republic governments (1947–58). Moving to …   Universalium

  • Mitterrand, François (-Maurice-Marie) — (26 oct. 1916, Jarnac, Francia–8 ene. 1996, París). Presidente de Francia (1981–95). Después de participar en la segunda guerra mundial, fue elegido a la Asamblea Nacional (1946) y ocupó cargos en 11 gobiernos de la Cuarta República (1947–58). Se …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Mitterrand, François (Maurice Marie) —  (1916–1996) President of France (1981–1995) …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Mitterrand — Mitterrand, François …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Francois Mitterand — François Mitterrand Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mitterrand (homonymie). François Mitterrand …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Francois Mitterrand — François Mitterrand Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mitterrand (homonymie). François Mitterrand …   Wikipédia en Français

  • François Maurice Adrien Marie Mitterrand — François Mitterrand Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mitterrand (homonymie). François Mitterrand …   Wikipédia en Français

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